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AMA Citation Style: Format Paper

Citation Tips

Citation Tips

Tips: References List 3.2

  • Cited works are numbered in order of initial appearance in the text, and appear in the Reference List in numerical order.
  • Use arabic superscript numerals outside periods and commas, and inside colons and semicolons.
  • Authors’ names are inverted, and use only initials for first and middle names. No periods between initials.  (Example - Antosh, MA)
  • In article titles only the first word and proper nouns and abbreviations that are ordinarily capitalized are capitalized.
  • Use accepted Index Medicus abbreviations of journal names (see the List of Journals Indexed in Index Medicus).
  • For journals use issue numbers in parentheses after the volume number. If there is no issue number specify month before the year.

Tips: Titles 3.9

  • In titles of articles, books, parts of books, and other material, retain the spelling, abbreviations, and style for numbers used in the original. 
  • Numbers that begin a title are spelled out (although exceptions are made for years; see 2.1.2, Manuscript Preparation, Titles and Subtitles, Numbers).

Tips: Numbering 3.5

  • References should be numbered consecutively with arabic numerals in the order in which they are cited in the text. 
  • Two references should not be combined under a single reference number.

Tips: Reference Given In-text 3.3

  • In the text the author(s) may not be named,
  • The title may not be given,
  • The name of the journal is abbreviated only when enclosed in parentheses,
  • Inclusive page numbers are given.
  • Some resources, such as Web URLs, may be listed in the text when it is the Web site itself that is referred to rather than content on the site.

General Formatting Rules

The Rules

Subject Guide

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