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AMA Citation Style: Websites

AMA Style Citation Tips

What are the latest changes in referencing internet language?


As of the 11th edition, AMA recommends

  • lowercase internet and website
  • remove the hyphen from email.
  • Other e- compounds retain their hyphen, e.g. e-cigarette and e-book. Capitalize the word that follows e- in title case, e.g. "State Restrictions on e-Cigarette Use."

AMA: Web sites

Web sites:

  • Author(s) - (or, if no author is available, the name of the organization responsible for the site).
  • Title of the specific item cited (if none is given, use the name of the organization responsible for the site).
  • Name of the website. (use "website" not "Web site")
  • Published date (if available)
  • Updated date (if available)
  • Accessed date
  • URL [provide URL and verify that the link still works as close as possible to publication].

Tip: Include as much relevant information as possible 

Example: (author)

Rainie L. The rise of the e-patient. Pew Research Center Internet and the American Life Project. October 7, 2009. Accessed January 11, 2012.

Example: (no author)

Air Quality. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Updated June 28, 2021. Accessed July 28, 2021.

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