Skip to main content

APA Citation Style, 6th edition: Journals

A guide to help users create citations using APA (American Psychological Association) style, 6th edition.

Helpful Tip!

Question Mark Beanie

How do you cite online articles?

Examples of Journals

Online articles follow the same guidelines as printed articles. Include all information the online host makes available, including an issue number in parentheses. If the DOI (digital object identifier) is available use it in your citation instead of the URL.

Hint!

  • If you are accessing the article through a database, you may need to do a quick search to locate the home page of the journal
  • It is not necessary to include database information
  • Do NOT include retrieval dates unless the source material may change over time
  • When the DOI is available used it instead of the URL
  • If there is NO DOI use the home page URL of the journal

Situations this Section Covers

This section will cover the following examples:

 

For more examples and information, consult the following publications:

APA Manual (6th ed.)

Call number     Location
BF76.7 .P83 2010     Main Reference Collection 1st Floor
       

APA style guide to electronic references
(Available: E-Text)

 

About Citing Journal/Magazine Articles

For each type of source in this guide, both the general form and an example will be provided.

The following format will be used:

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase) - entry that appears in the body of your paper when you express the ideas of a researcher or author using your own words.  For more tips on paraphrasing check out The OWL at Purdue.

In-Text Citation (Quotation) - entry that appears in the body of your paper after a direct quote.

References - entry that appears at the end of your paper.

Information on citing and several of the examples were drawn from the APA Manual (6th ed.). 

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the manual.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

DOI logo

What is a DOI? A DOI (digital object identifier) is a unique alphanumeric string assigned by a registration agency (the International DOI Foundation) to identify content and provide a persistent link to its location on the internet. 

NOTE: It is regarded as the most important part of the citation because it will accurately direct users to the specific article.

Think of it as a "digital fingerprint" or an article's DNA!

The rules for DOIs have been updated in the 7th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. They should be included as URLs, rather than just the alphanumeric string.

Correct:  

  • http://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2288-12-114
  • http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2288-12-114

Incorrect:     

  • doi: 10.1186/1471-2288-12-114
  • Retrieved from http://doi:10.1186/1471-2288-12-114

The Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library
Questions? Ask us.
Creative Commons License
All LibGuides by Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

The George Washington University