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APA Citation Style, 7th edition: No Author

A guide to help users create citations using APA (American Psychological Association) style, 7th edition.

About Citing Books

For each type of source in this guide, both the general form and an example will be provided.

The following format will be used:

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase) - entry that appears in the body of your paper when you express the ideas of a researcher or author using your own words. For more tips on paraphrasing check out The OWL at Purdue.

In-Text Citation (Quotation) - entry that appears in the body of your paper after a direct quote.

References - entry that appears at the end of your paper.

Information on citing and several of the examples were drawn from the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.).

Book with no Author

General Format

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

(Book title [usually shortened], Year)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Book title [usually shortened], Year, page number)


Book title: Subtitle. (Year). Publisher.


In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

(Merriam-Webster's, 2005)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Merriam-Webster's, 2005, p. 3)


Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (11th ed.). (2005). Merriam-Webster.

Subject Guide

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