Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

APA Citation Style, 7th edition: Secondary Sources

A guide to help users create citations using APA (American Psychological Association) style, 7th edition.

Secondary Sources

Sometimes an author writes about research that someone else has done, but you are unable to track down the original research report.

In this case, because you did not read the original report, you will include only the source you did consult in your References.

The words “as cited in” in the parenthetical reference indicate you have not read the original research.

General Format 

 

      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Author Surname, Year qtd. as cited in Author Surname [of the source you read], Year)
     
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Author Surname, Year qtd. as cited in Author Surname [of the source you read],
      Year, page number)

 

      References:
      Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial [of the source you read]. (Year). Book title:
            Subtitle. Publisher.

 

      NOTE: If you were using an indirect source from an article, refer to the journals
      section of this guide.
 

 

Example

 

      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      Fong’s 2003 study (as cited in Bertram, 2009) found that older students’ memory can
      be as good as that of young people, but this depends on how memory is tested.

 

      References:
      
Bertram, S.A. (2009). How we Remember: Testing our capacity to remember. Jossey-Bass
            Publishers.
     Tip: Do not include Fong (2003) in your References; do include Bertram (2009).

Subject Guide

Profile Photo
Himmelfarb Reference Desk
Contact:
Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library
2300 Eye Street, NW
Washington, DC 20037
202-994-2850
Website

The Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library
Questions? Ask us.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

The George Washington University